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Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) includes all procedures involving total or partial removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It's also known as ‘female circumcision’ or ‘cutting, and by other terms such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others. FGM has no health benefits, and no religious texts require girls to be ‘cut’, however FGM is carried out under the banners of culture and religion within families and communities in the mistaken belief that it benefits the girl in some way, eg. preserve/prove her virginity as a preparation for marriage.

Practices vary across communities with girls/women being ‘cut’ at any time from two days after birth, before puberty, during pregnancy, or following delivery of their first child. The most prevalent age group is 0-15 years,and some recent reports suggest that the age range is getting younger.

In addition to general safeguarding duties, since October 2015 all registered health and social care professionals and qualified teachers have a personal professional duty to report FGM in girls under 18years; professional registration can be affected by non-compliance with this duty. 

To report call 101, record information and reference number , update safeguarding lead

fgm m reporting 50KEY FACTORS TO LOOK OUT FOR:The family belongs to a community which practices FGM, are making plans to go on holiday / requested extended leave from school.

The child talks about a forthcoming special celebration.The child / woman may have difficulty walking or sitting.Their own mother or other siblings have had FGM

FOR SPECIALIST ADVICE: 

Ring NSPCC Helpline 0800 028 3550 for 24/7 team of specialist advisers.

Information for practitioners

Any information or concern that a child/young person is at immediate risk of, or has undergone, FGM should result in a safeguarding referral to MASH 01902 555392 and/or the Police.

Ring 999 if the child/young person is in imminent danger of being harmed or removed from the UK.

FGM Clinic for women ages 18 and over - FGM poster

Click here for Home Office FGM elearning training

Click here for Multi Agency Practice Guidelines

Click here for NHS FGM information  Scroll down to the bottom of the NHS page for leaflets which can be downloaded in different languages

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