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Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) includes all procedures involving total or partial removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It's also known as ‘female circumcision’ or ‘cutting, and by other terms such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others. FGM has no health benefits, and no religious texts require girls to be ‘cut’, however FGM is carried out under the banners of culture and religion within families and communities in the mistaken belief that it benefits the girl in some way, eg. preserve/prove her virginity as a preparation for marriage.

Mandatory Reporting Duty for Girls Under 18

Any adult assessment must consider the potential risks of FGM to any other women or girls living in the same family. In addition to general safeguarding duties, since October 2015 all registered health and social care professionals and qualified teachers have a personal professional duty to report FGM in girls under 18 years; professional registration can be affected by non-compliance with this duty.

Below is a pathway to support mandatory reporting:

fgm m reporting 50

Report to 101 explaining you are reporting under the mandatory FGM reporting duty, you will receive a reference number which will need to be recorded.

FGM Clinic for women 18 years and over who have undergone FGM - click here for  FGM Poster 

Click here for Multi Agency Practice Guidelines

Click here for NHS FGM information scroll down to the bottom of the NHS page for leaflets which can be downloaded in different languages.

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