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West Midlands Forced Marriage & Honour Based Abuse 24hr Multi Lingual Helpline 0800 953 9777       

Click to download -   HBV Leaflet 1   HBV Leaflet 2

Forced marriage is a CRIME. It is a form of  domestic violence against women and men,  a serious abuse of human rights, and where a minor is involved, child abuse.

A 'forced' marriage (as distinct from a consensual "arranged" one) is defined as one, which is conducted without the valid consent of at least one of the parties and where duress is a factor. Duress cannot be justified on religious or cultural grounds.

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Forced Marriage

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West Midlands Forced Marriage & Honour Based Abuse 24hr Multi Lingual Helpline 0800 953 9777       

Click to download -   HBV Leaflet 1   HBV Leaflet 2

A 'forced' marriage (as distinct from a consensual "arranged" one) is defined as one, which is conducted without the valid consent of at least one of the parties and where duress is a factor. Duress cannot be justified on religious or cultural grounds.

Forced marriage is primarily, but not exclusively, an offence of violence against women. Most cases involve young women between 13 and 30, although evidence suggests as many as 15% of victims are male.

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Self-Assessment Toolkit

 The Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) agenda at both local and national levels acknowledges the gendered nature of domestic and sexual violence in that the majority of victims are female. However, it cannot be over-emphasised that the local and national strategies recognise that there are female and male victims and perpetrators, and that strategies encompass work with women, men, girls and boys. VAWG includes the following types of violence and abuse:

Click here for the Wolverhampton Tackling Interpersonal Violence & Abuse Strategy 2019-2022

Click here for Wolverhampton's Overarching Domestic Violence Protocol and Guidance  2018

Click here for the expectations of partner agencies 

Click here for the Dash Risk Assessment and guidance 

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Disclosure and Barring

BASIC SAFEGUARDING E-LEARNING

Wolverhampton Safeguarding partners ( all public sector, private sector and voluntary sector organisations based in the city and / or delivering services or support to Wolverhampton residents) that don't have access to their own e-learning platforms can access the City of Wolverhampton Council's e-learning Guest Area FREE OF CHARGE.

Please read the guidance below and then click here to request safeguarding e-learning licences

Contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for more information.


About the Safeguarding Boards' free e-learning courses

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Serious Case Reviews

Click here for Notification of Serious Child Care Incident Form

When a child dies, and abuse or neglect are known or suspected to be a factor in the death, local organisations should consider immediately whether there are other children at risk of harm who require safeguarding.

Click here to view NSPCC Learning from Case Reviews 

Serious Case Reviews published in last 12 monthsDate published
Serious Case Review report - Child NOct 2019
Serious Case Review Statement - Child NOct 2019
Serious Case Review Report - Child K May 2019
Serious Case Review Statement - Child K May 2019 

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Duty to refer

Referrals to the Disclosure and Barring Service:

The Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 (SVGA) places a legal duty on Regulated Activity Providers (employers, volunteer managers and personnel suppliers) to refer any person who has:

Harmed or poses a risk of harm to a child or vulnerable adult;Satisfied the harm test; or Received a caution or conviction for a relevant offence.

Under the provisions of the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act, 2006, the following groups have a power to make a referral to the DBS:

Local authorities (safeguarding role);Education and library boards;Health and social care (HSC) trusts (NI);Keepers of registers eg General Medical Council, Nursing and Midwifery Council;Supervisory authorities eg Care Quality Commission, Ofsted.

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Pathway for Raising Concerns about radicalisation

Safer Recruitment:

All organisations engaging people in 'Regulated Activities' must have robust and transparent recruitment procedures in place to ensure children, young people and vulnerable adults are safeguarded and they should be familiar with the Local Safeguarding Children Board policies and procedures.

Before recruiting staff (whether paid or unpaid), the following should be considered:

 The application process should include the organisations commitment to safeguarding in for example the Job Description and any other documentation;

Thorough checks should be made of an applicant's identity, work history and references including any gaps in time;

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VCS Safeguarding Forum

One of the most important roles for any volunteer or employee is to be able to recognise abuse or neglect in the course of their everyday work. Sometimes, the signs are very obvious such as broken bones or cuts and bruises. However, sometimes the signs are a lot less easy to spot.

All adults working with children and young people need to be alert to signs of abuse or neglect and know how to respond appropriately (including knowing who in their organisation to share their concerns with and where appropraite, knowing how to ask relevant non-leading questions to see if there is a reasonable and consistent explanation for the signs observed).

Recognising Neglect

  • Constant hunger - inc. scavenging for food
  • Poor personal hygiene - inc being unwashed, body odour
  • Poor state of clothing - poor fitting or inappropriate shoes, clothes too small, no suitable outdoor clothing
  • Frequent lateness or non-attendance at school, etc
  • Untreated injuries/medical problems

 

Recognising Physical Abuse

  • Unexplained injuries or burns, particularly if they are recurrent
  • Improbable excuses given to explain injuries
  • Refusal to discuss injuries
  • Untreated injuries
  • Fear of parents being contacted
  • Arms and legs kept covered – even in hot weather
  • Fear of medical help

 

Recognising Emotional Abuse

  • Over-reaction to mistakes
    Sudden speech disorders
    Neurotic behaviour e.g. rocking, hair-twisting, thumb sucking
    Self mutilation
    Extremes of passivity or aggression

 

Recognising Sexual Abuse

  • Vivid details of sexual activity
  • Compulsive masturbation
  • Sexual drawings
  • Sexualised play with explicit acts
  • Soreness of genitalia or bottom

Once the abuse has been recognised, all staff need to know how to raise their concerns withn itheir organisations through their named safeguarding lead, and with Children's Social Care via the Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub on 01902 555392.

 

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Publications and resources (children's safeguarding)

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National statutory guidance

Early Years Foundation Stage statutory guidance 2019

Female Genital Mutilation - Statutory Guidance 

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Top tips to help young stay safe online - media release from the City of Wolverhampton Council

Wolverhampton has now adopted the NEW West Midlands Regional Safeguarding Children procedures.

These cover:

  • ​Statutory Child Protection Procedures - which would be the same wherever you are in England (Level A procedures)
  • Regional Safeguarding Guidance - which apply across the whole of the West Midlands area (Level B procedures)
  • Local Area Specific Safeguarding Information and Procedures - developed in Wolverhampton, and containing local contacts, processes and structures (Level C procedures)

 

To access the NEW Safeguarding Children procedures:

  1. firstly, click on the image below or copy http://westmidlands.procedures.org.uk into your browser address bar
  2. next  click on 'Wolverhampton' in the drop down list under the left hand menu -  this makes sure you are shown Wolverhampton's local (Level C) procedures
  3. finally, click on 'contents' in either the top menu bar or the side menu

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Information sharing

To achieve the best outcomes for children and young people; to promote their welfare and safeguard them from harm, agencies need to work together. Children and young people’s needs and circumstances can be complex and it is only by agencies coming together and working collaboratively that we can achieve a holistic assessment of the child or young person within their family and community and ensure that they receive the services that they need.

Effective inter-agency working is dependent upon effective information sharing whether a child or young person needs some additional support (early intervention) or whether there are concerns that they are at risk of significant harm (safeguarding).

Click here for Information Sharing Guidance 2018

 

THE SEVEN GOLDEN RULES OF INFORMATION SHARING

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Safeguarding Training Pathway for School staff and Governors

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Disclosure and Barring Service

Hidden Harm is defined by the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs as:- “Parental problem drug use and its actual and potential effects on children”

We estimate there are between 250,000 and 350,000 children of problem drug users in the UK – about one for every problem drug user. Parental problem drug use can and does cause serious harm to children at every age from conception to adulthood. Reducing the harm to children from parental problem drug use should become a maincobjective of policy and practice. Effective treatment of the parent can have major benefits for the child. By working together, services can take many practical steps to protect and improve the health and well-being of affected children. The number of affected children is only likely to decrease when the number of problem drug users decrease ( Hidden Harm Multi Agency Guidance 2013).

All professionals who come into contact with families where substance misuse is an issue have a responsibility to ensure that children in these circumstances are identified as early as possible and are given appropriate intervention, support and protection:- “Early Intervention breaks the all too common cycle in which people who grow up with dysfunctional behaviours and lifestyles transmit them to their children, who, in turn, transmit them to their grandchildren. Early Intervention offers a real chance to break this destructive pattern and of raising children to become good parents and carers in turn” (Allen 2011)

It is essential that all professionals involved work in partnership, exchange relevant information, share knowledge and expertise in order to safeguard children effectively.

Summary of Key Messages

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Modern Slavery

Put simply, modern slavery or human trafficking is the movement of a person from one place to another (this could be country to country, town to town, or even as simple as one room in a building to another) into conditions of exploitation, using deception, coercion, abuse of power or the abuse of the person’s vulnerability. Even if a victim consents and is willing to be moved, trafficking could still be taking place.

It involves either the threat of harm or actual harm to the person themselves or their family.

It affects:

  • both women / girls and men / boys
  • UK nationals
  • people trafficked from overseas

It includes forced labour, domestic servitude and human trafficking, debt bondage (or baonded labour), descent-based slavery, child slavery and forced or early marriage. See https://www.antislavery.org/slavery-today/modern-slavery/ for more information.

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Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)

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Child sexual exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse. It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity (a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator. The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual. Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.

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CSE Screening Tools and other resources to support work on CSE

  Publications / Resources
Petch CSE 12 and under screening tool
CSE 13 and over screening tool
NWG CSE RA TOOL
CSE Pathway Guidance
CSE Pathway
Partnership Information Report
Wolverhampton's Multi-Agency CSE strategy 2019 - 2020
West Mids Met CSE Regional Framework
Tackling CSE West Midlands Q1 Assessment 2016
See Me, Hear Me - West Midlands CSE website and resources
CSE Social Media Library
Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation - A Resource Pack for Councils
 CSE Disruption Toolkit    
Guidance on adopting a Victim-Centred Approach
Seen & Heard e-learning resource
Common sexting codes and Secret sexting codes

Criminal and Civil Partnership Disruption Options for Perpetrators of Child and Adult Victims of Exploitation

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VCS Safeguarding Forum

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Sexual abuse and sexual exploitation

Key to our approach to supporting children and young people in Wolverhampton is a commitment to early help through a range of evidence based interventions. Early Help is a collaborative approach not a service and should not be confused with the Council's Early Intervention Service. Early Help and our Think Family approach go hand-in-hand.

 

Thresholds of Need and Support in Wolverhampton

This sets out the role and processes around universal support, single-agency Early Help, multi-agency Early Help, and support from specialist services. It also gives indications of the level of need that can be managed by each level of support.

The Thresholds document encourages conversations between practitioners both within their agency, amongst colleagues in Teams Around the Family (TAF), and with colleagues from agencies offering different levels of support.

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Recognising child abuse & neglect

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There are four recognised categories of child abuse: Physical Abuse, Emotional Abuse, Neglect and Sexual Abuse.

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Physical Abuse When an adult, child or young person deliberately hurts a child, such as hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, drowning or suffocating.

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Ofsted Inspection - March 2017

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Do you know a child being looked after by someone who is not a close relative?
If you do this is known as private fostering. Private fostering is defined as:

"when a child or young person under 16 years old (or 18 if they have a disability) is looked after by someone who is not a parent, close relative, guardian or person with parental responsibility for 28 days or more without the involvement of City of Wolverhampton Council."

Close relatives are defined as:

  • Brothers and sisters     
  • Aunts and uncles
  • Grandparents
  • Step-parents

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Private Fostering

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Do you know a child being looked after by someone who is not a close relative?
If you do this is known as private fostering. Private fostering is defined as:

"when a child or young person under 16 years old (or 18 if they have a disability) is looked after by someone who is not a parent, close relative, guardian or person with parental responsibility for 28 days or more without the involvement of City of Wolverhampton Council."

Close relatives are defined as:

  • Brothers and sisters     
  • Aunts and uncles
  • Grandparents
  • Step-parents

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